These are the cancer types developed in different organs (cervix, uterus, vagina, ovaries, vulva and fallopian types) in the pelvis (between the hip bone and stomach) region, in the female reproductive system. The most prevalent gynecological cancers are endometrial cancer (uterine cancer), cervical cancer and ovarian cancer; ovarian cancer is the most hazardous type; because, unlike the uterus and cervical cancers, such type cannot be detected before spreading to the other organs. Fallopian tube cancer, vulva cancer, vaginal cancer and plasenta cancer (molar pregnancy where tissue grows abnormally instead of becoming fetus) may be listed among the other less prevalent gynecological cancer types.
Treatment programs offered for the different gynecological cancers are given below:
Pelvic Exenteration is the removal of all or some of the organs in pelvic cavity and in some cases, of the rectum and anus for the treatment of recurrent gynecological cancers by operation.
Pelvic exenteration operations are given below:
Hysterectomy is the removal of the cervix, ovarians, uterus and/or fallopian tube by operation for preventing the cancer from spreading to other organs.
The following hysterectomy programs are offered:
In this operation that is also known as ovariectomy or decollment of ovaries, one or both of ovarians is/are removed by operation for the treatment of ovarian cancer or prevention of other diseases such as breast cancer. The operation is generally performed by opening an incision on the abdomen for dissecting the ovary/ovaries from the blood flow and peripheral tissue. Oophorectomy may be performed with or without hysterectomy.
The following oophorectomy procedures are offered:
Vulvectomy, removal of the vulva wholly or partially by operation.
The following vulvectomy procedures are offered: